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QI Activity Requirements

Maintenance of Certification at BCM

For questions, please contact: BCM MOC Program

As an ABMS Portfolio Program Sponsor, the BCM MOC Program recognizes quality and safety improvement activities being conducted by ABMS diplomates (physicians and medical specialists certified by participating ABMS Member Boards) and physician assistants (PA) (certified by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants) in their practices and health care organizations to help them earn continuing certification (MOC) credit for their work.

The BCM MOC Program can contribute to organizational goals by encouraging and supporting physician/PA engagement in practice-level activities that result in improvement. Accepting improvement activities that are underway alleviates the need for physicians/PAs to seek out external pathways for continuing certification, which allows them to keep their focus on the care of their patients.

In order for a QI activity to qualify for MOC Part 4 or NCCPA Category 1 PI-CME credit consideration, the Project Lead must ensure it meets and is submitted in accordance with QI Activity Requirements, as described below. Additionally, all physician/PA project participants (including the Project Lead) seeking credit consideration must meet stated Meaningful Participation Requirements.

To view a full description of the Project Lead's role and responsibilities (including those of the project participant and the BCM MOC Program), refer to the MOC Roles and Responsibilities list.


Updated: January 2024


Eligible QI activities/projects can address many facets of the health care continuum, including, but not limited to, the areas indicated below. The scope of the activities can be large (e.g., to address systemic and clinical issues) or small (e.g., to improve a specific area of practice).

  1. Processes (e.g., access to care, discharge planning, advanced directives)
  2. Clinical care (e.g., cardiovascular disease, depression, opioid treatment)
  3. Administration/systems (e.g., efficiency, resource allocation, EMR use)
  4. Population health (e.g., childhood obesity, food safety, motor vehicle injury)

To qualify for MOC Part 4/NCCPA Category 1 PI-CME credit consideration, the QI activity/project1 must meet all of the following requirements:

  1. Includes an oversight process that ensures adherence to meaningful participation criteria.
    • The QI activity/project must be supported by appropriate leadership and management at the initiative level to ensure adherence by physician/PA project participants to stated meaningful participation requirements.
  2. Has specific, measurable, relevant, and time-appropriate (SMART) aims for improvement.
    • The aim statements/SMART goals of the QI activity/project must address at least one (1) IOM Quality Dimension.

  3. Uses appropriate, relevant, and (when available) evidence-based performance measures and interventions.1
    • Includes process and/or outcomes measures that also focus on one (1) or more IOM Quality Dimensions AND one (1) or more ABMS/ACGME Core Competencies.
    • Includes measurement at the appropriate unit of analysis (e.g., clinic, care team, physician, etc.).
    • Uses national measures when available.
    • Uses recognized, valid, and established quality improvement methodology.

  4. Documents data collection pre- and post-intervention.1
    • Includes appropriate prospective and repetitive data collection and reporting of performance data that reflects the completion of at least one (1) full improvement cycle (not including baseline data collection).1
    • Demonstrates qualified meaningful participation, project participants should assess, reflect on, and act upon the data at least two (2) times (e.g., including at baseline and at the conclusion of the project) during the term of the QI activity.1

  5. Possess sufficient and appropriate resources to develop, support, and conclude without real or perceived conflict of interest (e.g., industry funding).2

Physician Assistants: In addition to the above requirements, the QI activity/project ALSO must be conducted at BCM or a BCM-affiliated institution AND be team-based, reflecting an inter-professional project team that includes collaboration with one or more participating physician team members.


1Some certifying bodies (including the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) may not accept projects that were completed in prior calendar years. Further, some may require the completion of more than one improvement cycle (not including baseline collection). For example, the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) has other requirements (Table 2), in addition to those described above.

Refer to stated credit translations and requirements (see Tables 1 and 2) for more information regarding project and/or participation standards relevant to your respective certifying body(ies). See below for examples of acceptable interventions and data sources.

2Any commercially supported QI activities/projects or education-related interventions that offer AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ are deemed acceptable IF compliant with current ACCME Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education. Where relevant, the BCM MOC Program is required to document adherence to these standards.

As such and for those physicians/PAs to whom this applies, the physician/PA is responsible for contacting the BCM MOC Program to discuss their intended QI effort in ensuring their understanding of and compliance with current ACCME standards, as well as for including all related and required documentation in this regard (per ACCME standards) when submitting QI activity/project information to the BCM MOC Program for their attention and processing for credit consideration.

Note: Any QI activity/project that began prior to June 2020 may not be eligible for credit submission through the BCM MOC Program. Please contact the BCM MOC Program with any questions.


Intervention Examples

Examples of typical interventions include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Redesign of subprocesses in a clinical process
  • Alerts and reminders in an Electronic Health Record (EHR) system
  • Checklist(s) guiding healthcare professionals’ practice (may also be a component of an EHR modification)
  • Utilization of phone calls/reminders/posters and other sources of patient education and compliance information
  • Implementation of standing orders for evidence-based intervention(s)
  • Education of team members addressing practice-changing evidence
  • Kaizen events or similar team-based quality improvement or patient safety events
Data Source Examples

A wide array of data are available and appropriate to drive improvement. When available, improvement work should incorporate appropriate, relevant, and evidence-based performance measures. The use of national measures may be applied if appropriate. The best data sources are those that are the most accessible to providers.

Examples of common data sources include the following:

  • Practice-level metrics
  • System-level metrics
  • Employer-gathered information or outcomes
  • Survey-generated information
  • Accountable Care Organization (ACO)-required metrics
  • Electronic Health Record (EHR)-produced reports